Past Event

Hidden Messages in Negro Spirituals on the Underground Railroad

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Sampler quilt of 18 separate codes made by Connie Martin’s mom

A Road Scholar Program by Connie Martin

Powerful, sacred songs that derived from the heart of the antebellum enslaved African were melodic outflowing of religious expression, passion, and the hope to be free. Negro spirituals, as originated in America, tell of sorrow, trials and tribulations, secrecy and hiding, and hope for a sense of community.

Join Connie as she explains the connections of Plantation songs, or Negro Spirituals with meanings and interpretations of lyrics of some songs used in regions of the South that signaled a multiple of signs and tips that aided enslaved fugitives to find freedom.

This virtual Zoom event is Free and Open to the public. For more information, please contact William Pixley at

Learn more about Connie Martin, this program, and how to book it.